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Table 2 Comparison between males and females with premature CAD

From: Prevalence and risk factors of premature coronary artery disease in patients undergoing coronary angiography in Kurdistan, Iraq

Patient characteristics Males 40(42.5 %) Females 54(57.5 %) P-value
Mean age ± SD 40.1 + 4.1 48.3 + 6.3 <0.001
Clinical presentation
Stable angina 9(22) 14(26) 0.351
UA/or NSTEMI 14(35) 27(50) 0.073
STEMI 17(43) 13(24) 0.029
Risk factors
Hypertension 20(50) 27(50) 0.500
Diabetes mellitus 5(12.5) 9(17) 0.287
Smoking 24(60) 4(7) <0.001
Obesity (BMI > 30 kg/m2) 12(30) 26(48) 0.038
Hyperlipidemia 11(28) 16(29) 0.410
FH of PCAD 10(25) 14(26) 0.459
Angiographic characters
Severity of number of lesions <50 % 40(46.5) 42(48.3) 0.408
50 %–70 % 8(9.3) 11(12.6) 0.241
>70 % 38(44.2) 34(39) 0.247
Type of lesions Type A 26(30.2) 36(41.4) 0.063
Type B 38(44.2) 33(37.9) 0.201
Type C 22(25.6) 18(20.7) 0.222
Number of major coronary arteries
Involved
1VD 16(40) 33(61) 0.229
2VD 8(20) 12(22) 0.374
3VD 10(25) 6(11) 0.011
4VD 6(15) 3(5) 0.027
Coronary arteries
Involved
LMS 6(6.9) 3(3.4) 0.148
LAD 37(43) 37(42.5) 0.172
LCX 18(20.9) 22(25.3) 0.364
RCA 25(29) 25(28.7) 0.100
Therapeutic options
PCI 19(47.5) 27(50) 0.405
CABG 5(12.5) 3(6) 0.116
Medical treatment 16(40) 24(44) 0.333