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Table 1 Comparison between patients with premature and mature CAD

From: Prevalence and risk factors of premature coronary artery disease in patients undergoing coronary angiography in Kurdistan, Iraq

Patient characteristics Total 303 (100 %) Premature CAD Mature CAD p-value
94(31 %) 209(69 %)
Mean age ± SD 53.8 + 5.8 44.2 ± 5.2 63.5 ± 6.4 <0.001
Males 178(58.7) 40(42) 138(66) <0.001
Clinical presentation
Stable angina 60(19.8.) 23(24.4) 37(17.7) 0.085
UA/or NSTEMI 130(42.9) 41(43.6) 89(42.5) 0.433
STEMI 114(37.6) 30(32) 84(40) 0.029
Risk factors
Hypertension 140(46) 47(50) 93(44.5) 0.187
Diabetes mellitus 77(25) 14(14.8) 63(30) 0.002
Smoking 81(26) 28(30) 53(25) 0.210
Obesity (BMI > 30 kg/m2) 116(38) 38(40) 78(37) 0.303
Hyperlipidemia 69(22) 27(28.7) 42(20) 0.048
FH of PCAD 50(16) 24(25.5) 26(12.5) 0.002
Angiographic characters
Severity of number of lesions <50 % 142(21.1) 82(47.4) 60(12) <0.001
(50–70 %) 113(16.8) 19(11) 94(18.8) 0.003
>70 % 418(62.1) 72(41.6) 346(69.2) <0.001
Type of lesions Type A 203(30.2) 62(35.8) 130(27.8) 0.024
Type B 276(41) 71(41.1) 194(41.5) 0.454
Type C 194(28.8) 40(23.1) 143(30.6) 0.031
Number of major coronary arteries
Involved
1VD 109(36) 49(52) 60(28.7) 0.011
2VD 60(20) 20(21) 40(19) 0.320
3VD 92(30) 16(17) 76(36) <0.001
4VD 42(14) 9(10) 33(16) 0.018
Coronary arteries
Involved
LMS 42(6.2) 9(5) 33(6.6) 0.256
LAD 268(39.8) 74(42) 194(38.8) 0.219
LCX 170(25.2) 40(23) 130(26) 0.252
RCA 193(28.6) 50(29) 143(28.6) 0.436
Therapeutic options
PCI 158(52) 46(49) 112(54) 0.226
CABG 42(14) 8(9) 34(16) 0.035
Medical treatment 103(34) 40(42) 63(30) 0.017